La Habana

Havana, Republic of Cuba, population 2,100,000

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My Tho, Tien Giang, Socialist Republic of Vietnam

population 160,000

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Rural Maghreb

near Drean, Annaba, People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

Maghreb is an Arabic word used to designate the western region of north Africa. A temperate climate influenced by the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlas mountains predominates, providing conditions suitable for agriculture. The region has been a breadbasket of successive empires, including those of Carthage, Rome, the Fatimids, and the Ottomans.

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Indianapolis, Indiana, United States of America

A wide-angle view of the Midwestern metropolis, population 807,584.

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Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America

Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America, population 371,657.

Blessed with one of the most temperate climates on Earth, the islands of Hawaii have seen an explosive growth in population during the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.

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Star Forts

The advent of modern warfare is attributable to the discovery of gunpowder and the industrial zeal with which it was  adopted by military powers. Artillery changed everything. Masonry curtain walls that had stood for centuries against slings and arrows, proved to be little more than cannon-fodder in the age of early modern warfare. The result of this pressure was the star fort, or trace italienne. The advantages of this distinctive geometric configuration were many, and made star forts the fortification of choice throughout the world for many years.

Bourtange, Groningen, Netherlands, built in 1593.

Citadel of Lille, Lille Metropole, French Republic, built in 1668.

Palmanova, Autonomous Region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italian Republic, built in 1593.

Royal Citidel, Plymouth, Devon, England, United Kingdom, built during the 1660s.

Castillo de San Marcos, Florida, United States, completed in 1695.

Fort Monroe, Commonwelath of Virginia, United States of America, completed 1834.

Fort Independence, Boston, Massachusetts, United States, completed 1851.

Fort Wayne, Detroit, Michigan, United States, completed 1851.

Castle of Good Hope, Cape Town, Republic of South Africa, completed in 1679.

Goryōkaku, Hakodate, Oshima, Hokkaido, Japan, completed in 1866.

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Iberia

Lleida, Autonomous Community of Catalonia, Kingdom of Spain

La Rambla, Barcelona, Autonomous Community of Catlonia, Kingdom of Spain. This famous boulevard was the scene of vicious fighting during the Spanish Civil War of the 1930s.

The landscape of Don Quixote de la Mancha. Pictured is La Villa de Don Faderique, Autonomous Community of Castile-La Mancha, Kingdom of Spain.

The famous rock of Gibraltar, connected to the Iberian peninsula, and yet part of the United Kingdom. Gibraltar Overseas Territory, United Kingdom.

Lisbon, Portuguese Republic. The original street plan is still in evidence at the bottom of the image, right of center.

Incredible verdure along the Atlantic coast of northern Iberia. Autonomous Community of Cantabria, Kingdom of Spain.

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